What are Hi-Fi headphones, and are they really any different from studio headphones? Could it be that we’re talking about one and the same thing? Our job today is to define these two terms and pit them against each other in a lexical contest.
There are those who claim that there are absolutely no differences between the two, and if you don’t like to jump to conclusions, stick around and find if such statements are true or false.
The term Hi-Fi is being thrown around a lot lately, and you can Google it up – you won’t find a plausible answer. Some people think that this term refers to the high-end price point category, others point out that it stands for “high fidelity”, and, to us, it seems that the latter is more legit.
The “high fidelity” basically means “exact and precise”. A Hi-Fi headphone set, thus, provides faithful reproduction of audio – every little detail is present, apparent, and sometimes even accentuated.
Since the term is quite abstract, it would be best if we compared it to something a bit more defined, such as “studio headphones”.
Just like the name itself implies, Studio headphones are, well, used for studio recording sessions and monitoring. They’re usually designed in the over-ear closed fashion so as to provide as much ambient sound reduction as possible.
Although there are different types of studio headphones hailing from a plethora of different brands, they’re all used in a professional line of work and are coupled with specific technical gear (mixing consoles and such).
Studio headphones and ambient noise reduction
In this light (ambient noise reduction), it’s safe to deduce that Hi-Fi and Studio headphones aim for the same thing.
A musician in a studio needs to hear every detail in the recording mix so as to prevent flaws and errors from happening (playing).
Hi-Fi headphones are designed to provide detailed sound reproduction – a transmission of data which won’t get altered from the point of transmission to the point of reception where each detail is clear and true. So far, this means that Hi-Fi and studio headphones have the need of ambient noise reduction in common.
Studio headphones dependency on recording equipment
The first real difference between Hi-Fi and Studio headphones is that the latter doesn’t depend on any technical equipment while the former does. Generally, you could say that Hi-Fi headphones are meant for casual use while Studio headphones are professional.
It wouldn’t be hard, on the other hand, to imagine a professional Hi-Fi headphone set, although we wouldn’t need to label it as “Hi-Fi”, now, would we?
Studio headphones usually aim to deliver a flat frequency of response and they’re meant to be used with plus decibel (4 and above) professional equipment. Such technicalities shouldn’t refer to Hi-Fi headphones, so let’s deduce that this is the first notable and real difference between Hi-Fi and studio headphones.
Studio headphones are meant for professionals
While the term Hi-Fi can be hinged on virtually any headphone set, Studio headphones are meant for professionals exclusively. Even though you could use Studio headphones for any application, they are meant for professionals whereas Hi-Fi headphones, by default, are not.
Let’s put it this way – if a studio is in any way worth its salt, it will be outfitted with professional-grade equipment, headphones included.
Hi-Fi headphones, on the other hand, are generally preferred by audiophiles – we won’t exclude the possibility of an audiophile who is also a professional musician, but these two terms are, generally, separate.
Critical listening – Hi-Fi versus Studio headphones
We’re getting closer to unravelling the biggest difference between Hi-Fi and studio headphones – their purpose.
Even though we did mention that Hi-Fi headphones are meant for casual listening and studio headphones for professional use, it’s the latter that’s intended for critical listening while the former isn’t – a monitoring of sorts.
While you’re using Hi-Fi headphones, you don’t actually “want” to search for flaws in the song that’s playing on – you just want as accurate reproduction as possible, right?
It’s quite the opposite as far as studio headphones go – sound engineers pay their bread by searching for these flaws.
Differences and similarities between Hi-Fi and Studio headphones – summary
Considering everything we’ve mentioned so far, there are several conclusions we can draw out with certainty:
- Both Hi-Fi and studio headphones rely on ambient noise reduction – similarity
- Studio headphones are meant to be used by professionals while Hi-Fi headphones are intended for casual use – difference
- Studio headphones interface with technical, professional equipment while Hi-Fi headphones aren’t – difference
- Hi-Fi headphones can be used for critical listening while studio headphones are meant for critical listening – difference
The aforementioned statements are enough for us to conclude that there are some real differences between these headphone types.